We have proven that the long wave with finite amplitude responds to the structure of the medium. The heterogeneity in a medium structure always introduces additional nonlinearity in comparison with the homogeneous medium. At the same time, a question appears on the inverse problem, namely, is there sufficient information in the wave field to reconstruct the structure of the medium? It turns out that the knowledge on the evolution of nonlinear waves enables us to form the theoretical fundamentals of the diagnostic method to define the characteristics of a heterogeneous medium using the long waves of finite amplitudes (inverse problem). The mass contents of the particular components can be denoted with specified accuracy by this diagnostic method.
Part of the book: Advances in Complex Analysis and Applications