Motion planning is a significant stage in the control of autonomous systems. As an alternative method, guidance approach is proposed for the motion planning of those systems. In guided munitions, guidance laws determine the success of the guidance systems designed to steer systems such as missiles and guided bombs towards predefined targets. The guidance laws designated according to determinative agents such as the firing position of the munition, target type, and operational requirements try to provide the munition with arriving at the target point even under the disturbing effects. In this study, the applicability of the guidance laws to autonomous systems is investigated in a manner similar to the approach for the guided munitions. For this purpose, the motion planning of the selected robotic arm, tracked land vehicle, and quadrotor is tried to be performed in order to move them to predefined target points. Having designed the control systems compatible to the selected guidance laws for the considered systems, the corresponding guidance scheme is constructed. Eventually, after conducting the relevant computer simulations, it is observed that the desired target chase can be made in a successive manner for all cases.
Part of the book: Service Robotics
In order to achieve higher productivity and lower cost requirements, robot manipulators have been enrolled in assembling processes in last decades as well as other implementation areas such as transportation, welding, mounting, and quality control. As a new application of this field, the control of the synchronous movements of a planar robot manipulator and moving belt is dealt with in this study. Here, the mentioned synchronization is tried to be maintained in accordance with a guidance law which leads the robot manipulator to put selected components onto the specific slots on the moving belt without interrupting the assembling process. In this scheme, the control of the manipulator is carried out by considering the PI (proportional plus integral) control law. Having performed the relevant computer simulations based on the engagement geometry between the robot manipulator and moving belt, it is verified that the mentioned pick-and-place task can be successfully accomplished under different operating conditions.
Part of the book: Collaborative and Humanoid Robots