Combining two or more granular or powder ingredients requires a suitable mixing process, which can be either free or random flow with no attraction forces between the particles or interactive or orderly with the presence of large active particles that attract others forming stable clumps. Food systems have very complex properties that make it difficult to standardize the mixing process. In order to achieve an efficient mixture, diffusive and convective mechanisms must be combined, and its success is achieved with a predominance of homogenization over segregation. Powder products are typically used in industry as dispersion in a liquid and should have some properties such as good wettability, water incorporation, flowability, and instantization. To work with powder products, it is necessary to make determinations such as density, particle size, texture, and compaction force, among others. All these physical properties affect and determine the behavior of powdered products during storage, handling, and processing.
Part of the book: Food Processing