Laser surface treatment (LST) utilizes intense thermal energy of laser beam for modification, alloying, and cladding surface of substrate materials. In LST very high cooling rates of 104–106°C/s can be achieved. Such high cooling rate arrests the possibilities of segregation in the case of multicomponent systems. Moreover, very narrow heat-affected zone (HAZ) and easy automation make it suitable for large-scale industrial production. LST depends on many process parameters such as laser power, scan speed, focal length, spot size, substrate temperature, and type of material. Selection of proper range of process parameters for good surface quality is essential. Pores and cracks may arise due to improper selection of parameters. Multilayered, high-entropy, thermal barrier coatings using LST with good bonding with substrates have been developed.
Part of the book: Engineering Steels and High Entropy-Alloys