Cleft lip/palate (CL/P) are among the most common birth defects around the world with a prevalence of 1.43:1000 live births. Other studies have shown that the frequency is approximately 1 in 600/700 live births and correction involves prolonged treatment over many years. A variety of surgical techniques and modifications have been described regarding cleft lip and palate (CLP) treatment 2. However, patients still seem to have concerns about their facial appearance, especially related to the cleft deformity. The self-perceived improvement in facial appearance following treatment had a strong positive influence on quality of life and patient satisfaction compared to other functional or treatment-related factors. Depending on the cleft type and severity, as well as treatment outcome, important functions like eating, speech, appearance, and maxillary growth may be impaired. This can affect patients social-emotional functioning and self-esteem resulting in a lower health-related quality of life.
Part of the book: Maxillofacial Surgery and Craniofacial Deformity