This chapter begins with the discussion of the immersed tunnel design, concerning its reason of existence, historical review, general design, transverse and longitudinal design, the interaction, and the critical issues. The discussion is founded on the author’s 10 year experience in building the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge (HZMB) immersed tunnel as a site design engineer. The experience of building immersed tunnel is transferable to build the submerged floating tunnel, which has never been built. In author’s opinion, the submerged floating tunnel (SFT) technique will be the next generation of IMT technique. In the second part of this chapter, the author proceeds to discuss the strategy of SFT research and the latest development in CCCC SFT Technical Joint Research Team.
Part of the book: Tunnel Engineering