The goal of this research is to determine the differences between spinal deformities of students in urban and rural areas with regard to the initial and final measurements. This research was conducted on a sample of 1105 students. This research program includes students from the first to the fifth grade in the following 11 elementary schools in Sarajevo. Method of measuring the curvature of the spine based on Napoleon Wolanski’s criteria from 1975 entitled D-5 spine posture (ESP). The analysis of spinal deformity of students in urban and rural classrooms was done by using the descriptive chi-square statistics. It has been determined that in the initial measurement, a greater number of examinees with no spinal deformity came from the rural schools. The examinees from the urban schools displayed first- and second-degree spinal deformity. In the final measurement, a greater number of examinees without spinal deformity came from rural schools, 28 (2%) to be precise. There was also a greater representation of first-degree spinal deformity in the examinees from urban schools, 49 (8%) to be precise. However, the representation of second-degree spinal deformity was not present in either of the examinees from rural or urban schools.
Part of the book: Safety and Health for Workers