Noble metal nanomaterials as plasmonic photocatalysts can strongly absorb visible light and generate localized surface plasmon resonance (SPR), which in turn depends on the size, shape, and surrounding of the plasmonic metal nanomaterials (PMNMs). Remarkably, the high-efficiency conversion of solar energy into chemical energy was expected to be achieved by PMNMs. Therefore, researchers have chosen PMNMs to improve the photocatalytic activity toward targeted molecules. This enhancement can be achieved by the effective separation of photogenerated electrons and holes of the PMNMs in the presence of light. Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) has been performed for obtaining information about the photochemically transformed surface species at molecular levels. A profound understanding of kinetic mechanisms is needed for the development of novel plasmonic catalysts toward various chemical transformations of targeted molecules. In this chapter, based on the above discussions, the participation of SPR excitation in PMNMs and photocatalysis toward chemical transformations of SERS-active organic molecules such as aromatic amino and nitro compounds based on PMNMs have been discussed in detail through theoretical and experimental studies. Eventually, a summary and the future directions of this study are discussed.
Part of the book: Nanoplasmonics