Atherosclerotic carotid disease causes about 30% of cerebrovascular ischemia transitory or permanent in the world; the severity of symptoms is variable. The clinical manifestations are varied from focal neurological alterations to transient or permanent vascular events. The treatment of the disease will depend on the location, degree, and risk, which can be surgical, endovascular, or medical. Open surgical treatment, endarterectomy, has been preferred as the first option and, however, has been reported to have associated complications like infection, hematoma, stroke, heart attack, restenosis, etc. With the advent of new technologies, endovascular treatment has been described as an option in patients with high risk or restenosis.
Part of the book: Atherosclerosis, Arteriosclerosis and Arteriolosclerosis