Image processing is growing fast and persistently. The idea of remotely sensed image clustering is to categorize the image into meaningful land use land cover classes with respect to a particular application. Image clustering is a technique to group an image into units or categories that are homogeneous with respect to one or more characteristics. There are many algorithms and techniques that have been developed to solve image clustering problems, though, none of the method is a general solution. This chapter will highlight the various clustering techniques that bring together the current development on clustering and explores the potentiality of those techniques in extracting earth surface features information from high spatial resolution remotely sensed imageries. It also will provide an insight about the existing mathematical methods and its application to image clustering. Special emphasis will be given on Hölder exponent (HE) and Variance (VAR). HE and VAR are well-established techniques for texture analysis. This chapter will highlight about the Hölder exponent and variance-based clustering method for classifying land use/land cover in high spatial resolution remotely sensed images.
Part of the book: Geographic Information Systems in Geospatial Intelligence