Image processing is growing fast and persistently. The idea of remotely sensed image clustering is to categorize the image into meaningful land use land cover classes with respect to a particular application. Image clustering is a technique to group an image into units or categories that are homogeneous with respect to one or more characteristics. There are many algorithms and techniques that have been developed to solve image clustering problems, though, none of the method is a general solution. This chapter will highlight the various clustering techniques that bring together the current development on clustering and explores the potentiality of those techniques in extracting earth surface features information from high spatial resolution remotely sensed imageries. It also will provide an insight about the existing mathematical methods and its application to image clustering. Special emphasis will be given on Hölder exponent (HE) and Variance (VAR). HE and VAR are well-established techniques for texture analysis. This chapter will highlight about the Hölder exponent and variance-based clustering method for classifying land use/land cover in high spatial resolution remotely sensed images.
Part of the book: Geographic Information Systems in Geospatial Intelligence
This chapter presents a novel method for compressing satellite imagery using phase grating to facilitate the optimization of storage space and bandwidth in satellite communication. In this research work, each Satellite image is first modulated with high grating frequency in a fixed orientation. Due to this modulation, three spots (spectrum) have been generated. From these three spots, by applying Inverse Fourier Transform in any one band, we can recover the image. Out of these three spots, one is center spectrum spot and other spots represent two sidebands. Care should be taken during the spot selection is to avoid aliasing effect. At the receiving end, to recover image we use only one spectrum. We have proved that size of the extracted image is less than the original image. In this way, compression of satellite image has been performed. To measure quality of the output images, PSNR value has been calculated and compared this value with previous techniques. As high-resolution satellite image contains a lot of information, therefore to get detail information from extracted image, compression ratio should be as minimum as possible.
Part of the book: Satellite Systems