Nowadays mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapy offers a broad spectrum of treatment of different conditions, including male infertility. Lots of studies suggest that injection of MSC promotes differentiation of germ cells and/or stimulates gonadal tissue development. Currently, there are plenty of MSC therapies of azoospermia which have been studied on animal models and demonstrated good results. Most of the studies were conducted using MSC derived from adipose tissue, the bone marrow, and umbilical cord. Despite the fact that this type of treatment in humans is not established as a first choice option, the use of these techniques gives us hope for a gradual introduction into our daily practice.
Part of the book: Male Reproductive Health