With rapidly growing urbanization and industrialization in developing countries, a large volume of wastewater is produced from industries that contain chemicals generating high environmental risks, which could affect health and socio-economic activities if not treated properly. In this study, the discoloration of wastewater containing azo dyes by chemical oxidation process combined with a biological treatment was evaluated and applied on real textile wastewater generated from one Ethiopian industrial site. The use of TiO2 as a photocatalyst and the effect of the addition of H2O2 on color removal were investigated. Photocatalysis was followed by aerobic biological treatment and their combination resulted in 93.3 and 90.4% removal of color and chemical oxygen demand (COD), respectively. These results revealed that the combination of photocatalytic and biological treatment approach shows a promising potential for the removal of color from real textile wastewater.
Part of the book: Molecular Biotechnology