In the last century, research for the wind power industry started to gain importance in the field of renewable energies. This research is mainly on the side of big wind power. This wind form, are grouped and connected to the electricity grid. In the other form, the small wind power for production in isolated areas. This wind are applicated for example: telecommunication stations, sailboats and isolated areas. This power is from 100 W to a few tens of kilowatts. They are applied to power installations, for example, telecommunication stations, sailboats, and isolated areas. The use of small wind power in the region of Adrar—the southwest of Algeria—is an economical and durable solution. This chapter will focus on the modeling of the main components of a small wind turbine adapted to Saharan regions. The wind chain consists of a wing coupled directly to a synchronous generator that delivers on a continuous bus via a rectifier; it is the overall structure of the chain that we retain for modeling in this chapter. In order to control the system, the modeling of this study touches all the parts of the system: the turbine, the generator PMSG, and the converter with the load. At the end, simulation results are presented to show the good performance of the choice of control type that is applied to the wind system.