Most recently, organic-inorganic semiconductor light harvester materials, have arisen as a new class of functional element and attracts the research community due to its outstanding optoelectronic properties. Organic-inorganic perovskites are solution process that is easy for the fabrication of devices at low temperature. Additionally, up to date, perovskite quantum dots have emerged as the most efficient light harvester for LEDs and display applications, with high color purity, color tunability, and photoluminescence quantum yield up to 100%. However, the presence of lead in organic-inorganic perovskites and the stability issue of perovskite materials are the significant challenges for the research community. To date, some lead substitute materials have been tried to enhance the film morphology and production of the less toxic light harvester. In this chapter, we focus on the lead substitution on B sight with homovalent cations like Sn2+, Mn2+, Cd2+, and Zn2+ cations. These lead substitutions not only reduce the toxicity of perovskite material while these dopants also enhance the optical and performance of LEDs. We also included the LEDs application of lead substituted perovskite quantum dots (PQDs) that may be useful for the environmental friendly and highly performing perovskite quantum dot LEDs (PQ-LEDs) shortly.
Part of the book: Perovskite Materials, Devices and Integration