Polyaniline based composite cation exchange materials have been used in industrial application for more than 100 years. The organic-inorganic composite cation exchanger was prepared by using sol-gel process. The organic polymer part furnishes the good chemical and mechanical properties, whereas the inorganic part improves the ion-exchange behavior and thermal stability. A new and novel polyaniline-Bi(III) iodovanadate composite cation exchanger prepared by using sol-gel process and was characterized by FT-IR, XRD, SEM-EDS studies. The ion exchange capacity, effect of size and charge of metal ion, eluent concentration, effect of time on IEC elution behavior and oxidizing properties of Bi(III) iodovanadate was also studied by column method. Polyaniline-Bi(III) iodovanadate composite exhibits ion exchange capacity for Na+ ion is 1.48 meq/g.
Part of the book: Biochemical Analysis Tools