A high-gain observer-based cooperative deterministic learning (CDL) control algorithm is proposed in this chapter for a group of identical unicycle-type unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) to track over desired reference trajectories. For the vehicle states, the positions of the vehicles can be measured, while the velocities are estimated using the high-gain observer. For the trajectory tracking controller, the radial basis function (RBF) neural network (NN) is used to online estimate the unknown dynamics of the vehicle, and the NN weight convergence and estimation accuracy is guaranteed by CDL. The major challenge and novelty of this chapter is to track the reference trajectory using this observer-based CDL algorithm without the full knowledge of the vehicle state and vehicle model. In addition, any vehicle in the system is able to learn the knowledge of unmodeled dynamics along the union of trajectories experienced by all vehicle agents, such that the learned knowledge can be re-used to follow any reference trajectory defined in the learning phase. The learning-based tracking convergence and consensus learning results, as well as using learned knowledge for tracking experienced trajectories, are shown using the Lyapunov method. Simulation is given to show the effectiveness of this algorithm.
Part of the book: Multi Agent Systems