The experimental and theoretical study of the co-adsorption and co-diffusion of several gases through a microporous solid and the instantaneous (out of equilibrium) distribution of the adsorbed phases is particularly important in many fields, such as gas separation, heterogeneous catalysis, purification of confined atmospheres, reduction of exhaust emissions contributing to global warming, etc. The original NMR imaging technique used gives a signal characteristic of each adsorbed gas at each instant and at each level of the solid and therefore the distribution of several gases in competitive diffusion and adsorption. But it does not allow to determine separately the inter- and intra-crystallite quantities. A new fast and accurate analytical method for the calculation of the coefficients of co-diffusing gases in the intra- and inter-crystallite spaces of microporous solid (here ZSM 5 zeolite) is developed, using high-performance methods (iterative gradient methods of residual functional minimization and analytical methods of influence functions) and mathematical co-adsorption models, as well as the NMR spectra of each adsorbed gas in the bed. These diffusion coefficients and the gas concentrations in the inter- and intra-crystallite spaces are obtained for each position in the bed and for different adsorption times.
Part of the book: Zeolites