Thick plate with high tensile strength steel is increasingly employed for offshore structure fabrication, and welding residual stress is essential for assessment of mechanical performance and fatigue toughness. Therefore, it has been becoming the research issue to evaluate the distribution and magnitude of welding residual stress during butt welding of thick plate. With its advantages, contour method (CM) can be used for longitudinal residual stress evaluation by means of measuring sectional shrinkage after cutting the butt welded joint perpendicular to the welding line. Meanwhile, inverse finite element method (IFEM) code is programmed with C++ language to analyze the measured data to reestablish the welding residual stress. And based on the parallel computation of high-performance server, considering the effect of weld remelting and back-gouging during multi-pass welding process, the welding residual stress is predicted by using efficient thermal elastic plastic finite element method (TEP FEM). Results show that longitudinal residual stress turned from tensile stress in welded vicinity into compressive stress in base metal and the maximum tensile stress is 269 MPa. The computed longitudinal residual stress and welding displacement through TEP FEM are identified with the experimental results. In addition, the back-gouging has an insignificant effect on the residual stress but increases the welding displacement of butt welded joint. The proposed TEP FEM can accurately predict the welding residual stress in welded joint and is also an effective method to control welding displacement.
Part of the book: New Challenges in Residual Stress Measurements and Evaluation