Aviation industry consumes about 177 billion liters of kerosene, moving more than 25,000 aircraft and 6 billion passengers. To achieve that, civil aviation in 2015 generated about 781 million tons of CO2 corresponding to 2% anthropogenic emissions of this greenhouse gas, and all required energy is derived from fossil sources. To reduce the environmental impact and to create alternative energy sources to bring energy security, it is of great importance to increase researching and development, so that it becomes viable to produce biokerosene. This chapter aims to present some varieties of biomass and its derivatives being studied as raw materials for new aviation fuels such as ethanol, butanol, fatty acid methyl esters, and fusel oil.
Part of the book: Renewable Energy