Benoit Schneider, born in 1973, is a former student of the Ecole Normale Supérieure (Cachan). In 2001 he obtained a Ph.D. in biochemistry and enzymology at the Pasteur Institute (Paris) on the activation of antiretroviral drugs by kinases of the nucleoside salvage pathway. Then he moved to the National Center for Scientific Research of France (CNRS) as a post-doctoral fellow to work on neuronal differentiation and prions, and subsequently got a tenured position. In 2007, he became Professor at the Ecole Polytechnique and in 2014 he has been promoted to research director in the CNRS. His team focuses on studying signaling events sustaining neurodegeneration in prion diseases and other amyloid-based neurodegenerative diseases. Major contributions of his research group concern the physiological roles of cellular prion protein and the identification of neurodegenerative mechanisms common to prion and Alzheimer’s diseases.