Among the several choices, titanium dioxide (TiO2) is the most efficient material and has attracted great attention because of its certain specific properties like high permittivity, refractive index, efficiency, low cost, chemical inertness, non-toxicity, photocatalytic activity, photostability and capability of decomposing a wide variety of organic compounds. In the field of dental, orthopedic and osteosynthesis applications, the titanium and its native oxide (titanium dioxide) are used as an implant material. TiO2 is used in an extremely wide range of commercial applications and research areas including: (i) TiO2 powder: as a white pigment in paint, plastic, inks, paper and cosmetics; in washing powder, toothpaste, sunscreen, foodstuffs, pharmaceuticals, photographic plates, for creating synthetic gemstones; and as a catalyst. (ii) TiO2 thin films: for ultra-thin capacitors and MOSFETs due to its extremely high dielectric constant; as humidity and oxygen sensor due to the dependence of its electrical conductance on the gases present; as an optical coating and a material for waveguides due to its high refractive index; as a protective coating and corrosion-resistant barrier; and as a photoanode in solar cells due its photoelectric activity.
Part of the book: Assorted Dimensional Reconfigurable Materials