Polypropylene (PP) represents one of the most worldwide used plastics with a large variety of products and applications. As usual for semicrystalline polymers, the properties of PP products strictly depend on the processing (fiber spinning, film extrusion, injection, etc.), where orientation and crystallization phenomena are involved. The object of this communication is the mechanical and structural characterization of oriented products from iPP homopolymers, i.e., injection molded dumbbell specimens (IM), lab-scale single fibers and commercial bulk continuous filament (BCF), woven non-woven fabrics (WNW) by using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), dynamical mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA), tensile measurements, and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. In particular, a recent methodology to analyze diffraction images of oriented polymers to obtain crystal structure, texture, and microstructural information is presented. The higher the orientation, the higher the mechanical properties and the sharper the texture, as revealed by a quantitative texture analysis that has been also developed and successfully applied to oriented PP nanocomposites.
Part of the book: Polypropylene