The traceability technology for sudden water pollution accidents can be used for fast, accurate identification of a pollution source in the river. A correlation optimization model with the pollution source position and release time as its parameters is established based on hydrodynamic calculation and on the coupling relationship between forward concentration probability density and backward position probability density; and the solution of the model is realized by using a differential evolution algorithm (DEA). A coupled probability density method is to convert the traceability of a sudden water pollution accident into the optimization of two minimum values. This method is simple in principle and easy in solution, realizing the decoupling of parameter of the pollution source. The concept of gradient is introduced to the differential evolution algorithm, improving the efficiency of searching process. The proposed method of traceability was applied to the emergency demonstration project of the SNWDMRP. The results indicate that the model has good efficiency of traceability and high simulation precision and that traceability results have a certain guiding significance to the emergent regulation and control of sudden water pollution events in a river.
The emergency management system for sudden water pollution accidents of the main canal is the integrated application of the aforesaid three key technologies and is the key to verify the effect of practical application of these technologies. The emergency management system is formed by integrating basic information, measured data, and professional models through the communication mode of network transmission. The system can provide support for emergency response in case of emergency conditions including sudden water pollution accidents and technical support for security operations of the MRP.