This work is focused on the resolution of a mixed model for the design of large-sized networks. An algorithm is introduced, whose initial outcomes are promising in terms of topological robustness regarding connectivity and reliability. The algorithm combines the network survivability and the network reliability approaches. The problem of the topological design has been modeled based on the generalized Steiner problem with node-connectivity constraints (GSPNC), which is NP-hard. The aim of this study is to heuristically solve the GSP-NC model by designing low-cost highly connected topologies and to measure the reliability of such solutions with respect to a certain prefixed lower threshold. This research introduces a greedy randomized algorithm for the construction of feasible solutions for the GSP-NC and a local search algorithm based on the variable neighborhood search (VNS) method, customized for the GSP-NC. In order to compute the built network reliabilities, this work adapts the recursive variance reduction (RVR) technique, as a simulation method since the exact evaluation of this measurement is also NP-hard. The experimental tests were performed over a wide set of testing cases, which contained heterogeneous topologies, including instances of more than 200 nodes. The computational results showed highly competitive execution times, achieving minimal local optimal solutions of good quality fulfilling the imposed survivability and reliability conditions.
Part of the book: Reliability and Maintenance
A wide area network (WAN) can be considered as a set of sites and a set of communication lines that interconnect the sites. Topologically a WAN is organized in two levels: the backbone network and the access network composed of a certain number of local access networks. Each local access network usually has a treelike structure, rooted at a single site of the backbone and connected users (terminal sites) either directly to this backbone site or to a hierarchy of intermediate concentrator sites which are connected to the backbone site. The backbone network has usually a meshed topology, and this purpose is to allow efficient and reliable communication between the switch sites that act as connection points for the local access networks. This work tackled the problem of designing the Access Network Design Problem (ANDP). Only the construction costs, e.g., the costs of digging trenches and placing a fiber cable into service, are considered here. Different results related to the topological structure of the ANDP solutions are studied. Given the complexity of the ANDP (the problem belongs to the NP-hard class), recurrences to solve it are proposed which are based on Dynamic Programming and Dynamic Programming with State-Space Relaxation methodology.
Part of the book: Applied Mathematics