Due to increase of attention in energy and environmental concerns, there has been much interest developed in clean and renewable energy technologies. The utilization of green and eco-friendly sunlight through solar cells like photovoltaic cells, photo-electrochemical cells, and dye-sensitize and perovskite solar cells (DSSCs and PSCs) produces energy demand. Due to high electron mobility, suitable band alignment, and high optical transparency, the binary and ternary transition metal oxide materials such as TiO2, SnO2, ZnO, WO3, Bi2O3 and SrTiO3, Zn2SnO4, BaSnO3, etc. have attracted considerable attention as DSSC and PSC electrode materials. Highly efficient solar cells with sustainable performance under severe mechanical deformations are in great demand in forming wearable power supply devices, essential for space technologies. In this regard, myriads of studies have progressed in developing the said metal oxides by various means of nanostructure forms. The aim of this chapter is to highlight research background, basic concepts, operating parameters, working principles, theoretical aspects, and selection of materials with essential properties for DSSCs and PSCs applications.
Part of the book: Nanostructures