This chapter starts from a generalized permeability and aims at providing a better understanding of the ferrites behavior in the microwave fields. The formula of the generalized permeability explains why the permeability of the ferrimagnetic or even the ferromagnetic materials strongly depends on the applied magnetic bias and the polarization of the wave. Right-hand circularly polarized (RHCP) wave may synchronize with the precession of the magnetic moment, resulting in a strong resonant effect. Characterizing the ferrites’ properties, including the complex permittivity, the saturation magnetization, and the resonance linewidth, will be discussed. We then utilize these properties to design and fabricate various microwave devices, such as phase shifters, circulators, and isolators. Detailed analysis and simulation to demonstrate how these ferrite devices work will be shown. The mechanism will be discussed.
Part of the book: Electromagnetic Materials and Devices