Inventory management is very important to support the supply chain of the manufacturing and service industries. All inventories involve warehousing; however, most of the products and packages are associated to plastic which is the main generator of polyethylene (phthalate) pollution in the air and water resources. In fact, phthalate has been identified as the cause of serious health conditions and its impact within the operation of logistic processes has not been studied. In this work, we perform research on the generation of phthalate as the control on these emissions is important to adjust the supply strategy to reduce the human risk exposure and contamination of the environment. For this purpose, generation of phthalate is modeled through the use of artificial neural networks (ANNs) and its impact on the supply strategy is assessed through its integration within a stochastic inventory control model. As presented, it is possible to adjust the supply strategy to reduce the cumulative generation of phthalate within the warehouse and thus reduce its impact on human health and environment sustainability.
Part of the book: AI and Learning Systems
The supply chain comprehensively considers problems with different levels of complexity. Nowadays, design of distribution networks and production scheduling are some of the most complex problems in logistics. It is widely known that large problems cannot be solved through exact methods. Also, specific optimization software is frequently needed. To overcome this situation, the development and application of search algorithms have been proposed to obtain approximate solutions to large problems within reasonable time. In this context, the present chapter describes the development of Genetic Algorithms (an evolutionary search algorithm) for vehicle routing, product selection, and production scheduling problems within the supply chain. These algorithms were evaluated by using well-known test instances. The advances of this work provide the general discussions associated to designing these search algorithms for logistics problems.
Part of the book: Search Algorithm