Pseudomonas aeruginosa is considered as the most potent bacterial strain for solving heavy metals pollution problems. Pollution is the most of problems in our world which causing a lot of risks to human, animal, plant and ecosystem. Heavy metals pollution is an ever-increasing problem in developing nations. Release of heavy metals into the environment has increased in the recent years at an alarming rate. To remove heavy metals from environment, there are different methods such as physical, chemical and biological. The biological method includes microorganisms and plant which recorded high heavy metals removal, safe and low-cost method. Microorganisms remove heavy metals from environment by different mechanisms according to their types. Thus, microbes are used as potential candidates of bioremediation that can adapt quickly to the changing noxious environment and be utilized for toxic metal remediation. In bacterial uptake and tolerance to heavy metals, Pseudomonas aeruginosa recorded potential role in bioremediation of different heavy metals with high removal percentage comparison with other bacterial strains. Chapter discusses the roles and trends of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in heavy metals tolerance and uptake as potential bacterial strain.
Part of the book: Pseudomonas Aeruginosa
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a multisystem genetic disease caused by mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene. Microbial infection is the defined characteristics of cystic fibrosis airway disease. This infection is caused by bacteria, fungi, and viruses which increase complications leading to patient death. Additionally, bacterial pathogens including Haemophilus influenza, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, nontuberculous mycobacterium (NTM) species, and MRSA are attributed to pulmonary infections. Subsequently, fungal pathogens such as Candida sp. and filamentous fungi such as Aspergillus fumigatus can also lead to pulmonary infections. On the other hand, Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the most common bacterial pathogen leading to complications in CF distal airways disease. Also, Aspergillus fumigatus can lead to aspergillus lung diseases including allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis and aspergilloma formation. Control of pathogenic microorganisms associated with cystic fibrosis may prevent pulmonary complications and has the potential to improve the prognosis of this life-limiting disease.
Part of the book: Cystic Fibrosis
Wastes are produced at large amounts all over the world. These wastes cause a variety of problems to the ecosystem, plants, animals, and humans. In this chapter, we discuss the wastes, types of wastes, sources of wastes, and problems related to wastes, especially health-related problems. Then we discuss agricultural wastes and how we can synthesize different nanoparticles from them. Also, we discuss industrial wastes and different nanoparticles synthesized from them. Additionally, we discuss fruit wastes and production of different nanoparticles and also food wastes and their uses in nanoparticle syntheses. Also, we can use other wastes to produce nanoparticles. In applications section, we discuss the use of different nanoparticles produced in agriculture, removal of heavy metals and pollutants from environment, industry and finally medical applications. We will finish our chapter with the topic of healthy and safe synthesis of nanoparticles produced by different wastes and then conclusion.
Part of the book: Nanotechnology and the Environment