In this chapter, we have discussed the characteristics and bioapplicabilities of different ferrocene derivatives, for example, amides, amines, sulfonamide, and polymers, focusing mainly on urea and thiourea derivatives due to their autonomous and widespread spectroscopic action and bioactivities. Supramolecular chemistry of ferrocenyl ureas and thioureas is described owing to exploring their mode of interactions within and among the molecules and the role of these supramolecular structures in enhancing the DNA intercalation. DNA interaction studies of these ferrocenyl-based ureas and thioureas are explored with approaches like electrochemical study, viscosity measurements, molecular docking, electronic spectroscopy, dynamic light scattering (DLS), and radical scavenging activity. Attachment of ferrocene moiety to ureas an thiouereas closer to DNA is very promising strategy which most possibly boosts the probability of DNA damage and cell apoptosis which is responsible for enormous biological activities.
Part of the book: Photophysics, Photochemical and Substitution Reactions