A self-paced brain-computer interface (BCI) system that is activated by mental tasks is introduced. The BCI’s output has two operational states, the active state and the inactive state, and is activated by designated mental tasks performed by the user. The BCI could be operated using several EEG brain electrodes (channels) or only few (i.e., five or seven channels) at a small loss in performance. The performance is evaluated on a dataset we have collected from four subjects while performing one of the four different mental tasks. The dataset contains the signals of 29 EEG electrodes distributed over the scalp. The five and seven highly discriminatory channels are selected using two different methods proposed in the paper. The signal processing structure of the interface is computationally simple. The features used are the scalar autoregressive coefficients. Classification is based on the quadratic discriminant analysis. Model selection and testing procedures are accomplished via cross-validation. The results are highly promising in terms of the rates of false and true positives. The false-positive rates reach zero, while the true-positive rates are sufficiently high, i.e., 54.60 and 59.98% for the 5-channel and 7-channel systems, respectively.
Part of the book: New Frontiers in Brain