Several studies have measured abrasion-corrosion for biomaterials, alloys, and stainless steel. Despite the considerable effort to understand the synergy between abrasion-corrosion resistance of stainless steel, they have mainly focused on more traditional materials, such as AISI 304 and AISI 316 stainless steel, and, more recently, on AISI 2205 duplex stainless steel. Little progress has been made to understand this phenomenon for cost-effective ferritic stainless steel. In this chapter, we first show the great potential of the use of ferritic stainless steel in the sugar cane biofuel industry. The influence of their crystallographic texture on the corrosion resistance of 16% Cr ferritic stainless steel (both niobium-stabilized and non-stabilized) is presented and discussed. We also analyses the microabrasion-corrosion performance of ferritic stainless steel with different chemical compositions (11%wt Cr with and without Ti stabilization; 16%wt Cr with and without Nb stabilization) and, for comparative purposes, austenitic stainless steel (18%wt Cr-8%wt Ni) and carbon steel (0.2%wt C). For all materials tested, microabrasion wear coefficients were higher (4x) than those measured under abrasion-corrosion conditions. Friction coefficients could also be measured by a 3D load cell strategically positioned in the specially developed microabrasion-corrosion device, showing a strong reduction (2x) in friction coefficient under abrasion-corrosion conditions when compared with solely abrasion conditions.
Part of the book: Stainless Steels and Alloys