Algorithms for a computational method of electromagnetics based on the integral form of Maxwell’s equations are introduced. The algorithms are supported by the lowest- and next-to-the-lowest-order approximations of integrals over a cell surface and edge of the equations. The method supported by the lowest-order approximation of the integrals coincides with the original finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method, a well-known computational method of electromagnetics based on the differential form of Maxwell’s equations. The method supported by the next-to-the-lowest-order approximation can be considered a correction to the FDTD method. Numerical results of an electromagnetic wave propagating in a two-dimensional slab waveguide using the original and the corrected FDTD methods are also shown to compare them with an analytical result. In addition, the results of the corrected FDTD method are also shown to be more accurate and reliable than those of the original FDTD method.
Part of the book: Recent Advances in Integral Equations