Aiming to enhance the photoemission capability in the waveband region of interest, a graded bandgap structure was applied to the conventional transmission-mode AlGaAs/GaAs photocathodes based on energy bandgap engineering, wherein the composition in AlxGa1−xAs window layer and the doping concentration in GaAs active layer were gradual. According to Spicer’s three-step model, a photoemission theoretical model applicable to the novel transmission-mode AlxGa1−xAs/GaAs photocathodes was deduced so as to guide the cathode structural design. Then the cathode material was grown by the metalorganic chemical vapor deposition technique, and the epitaxial cathode material quality was evaluated by the means of scanning electron microscope, electrochemical capacitance-voltage, X-ray diffraction and spectrophotometry. Through a series of specific processes, the cathode material was made into the multilayered module, possessing a glass/Si3N4/AlxGa1−xAs/GaAs structure. After the surface treatment including heat cleaning and Cs▬O activation for the cathode module, the image intensifier tube comprising the activated cathode module, microchannel plate, and phosphor screen was fabricated by indium sealing. The spectral response test results confirm the validity of the novel structure for the enhancement of blue-green photoresponse.
Part of the book: Advances in Photodetectors