Magnesium (Mg) alloys are susceptible to corrosion in aggressive environments. Corrosion of Mg alloys depends greatly on their composition and microstructure (grain size, the size, shape and distribution of second phases), post-processing and media. In most cases, localized corrosion, such as pitting corrosion and filiform corrosion, generally occurs due to microgalvanic corrosion between the intermetallic compounds and their neighboring α-Mg matrix. However, open literature reported that several corrosion morphologies, that is, intergranular corrosion (IGC) and exfoliation corrosion (EFC), cannot appear on Mg alloys. In this chapter, all typical corrosion modes of Mg alloys and influencing factors are introduced, including general corrosion, galvanic corrosion, pitting corrosion, filiform corrosion, IGC, EFC, stress corrosion cracking (SCC), corrosion fatigue (CF) and so on. The focus is laid on pitting corrosion and EFC. Corrosion mechanisms of Mg alloys are also discussed.
Part of the book: Magnesium Alloys