In recent decades due to the negligence of groundwater management, the resources are degrading rapidly and have resulted in soil water stress. Owing to the role of climate change, now most of the environmental variables undergo variations in their dynamics and magnitude, and above all, arid zones suffer the greatest loss due to evapotranspiration and soil water stress. In order to understand the nutritional future of the most important agricultural regions in Mexico, this scientific contribution aims to analyze the trend of soil water stress in the Northern Mexico. The work emphasizes on the relationship between the energetic movement of groundwater and soil water stress which also includes the process of crop absorption that is affected by the changes in soil surface temperature and the geography of the region. The results reveal a positive trend that gradually leads to soil water stress and intensities associated with conditions of interdependence of unique variables in each valley. Global withdrawals of ground water tripled in the last 50 years with unequal volumes in arid zone that will definitely lead to instabilities, where sustainable management will be the basis of conservation to adapt to the new facies of climate change.
Part of the book: Advances in Environmental Monitoring and Assessment