The results of the experimental study of coherent flow structures in turbulent jets with different swirl rates are reported. The focus is placed on analysis of their impact on mixing of a passive scalar in the jets and on regular flame front deformations during combustion of fuel-lean and fuel-rich methane/air mixtures in case of a strongly swirling jet with vortex breakdown. The measurements are performed by applying simultaneously the particle image velocimetry (PIV) and planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) techniques (acetone and HCHO for the nonreacting and reacting flows, respectively). The PIV data are processed by a proper orthogonal decomposition (POD), and the PLIF data are conditionally sampled according to the correlation coefficients of the velocity POD modes. The coherent velocity fluctuations are associated with regular patterns in the concentration fluctuation fields and flame front deformations. These patterns correspond to unsteady mixing by large-scale vortex structures in the outer mixing layer and also to variations of the entrainment rate for the flows with swirl.
Part of the book: Swirling Flows and Flames