Titanium (Ti) is known as the most popular implant materials. In addition, the coating technology of hydroxyapatite (HA) or carbonate-containing apatite (CA) on Ti substrates having various shapes has been interested from the viewpoint for improvement of implant’s osteoconductivity. The fabrication of apatite coatings on metallic substrates has been investigated by several techniques. We developed novel wet processes using some stable solutions in which Ca complexes and phosphate ion dissolve simultaneously. The CA film can be deposited homogeneously on substrates, Ti plate and Ti fiber mesh, using a stable precursor solution involving a Ca2+ complex of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA). Another stable aqueous solution was prepared by the addition of phosphoric acid to a calcium hydrogen carbonate solution. The solution is adequate to be sprayed facilely onto a Ti plate by using an airbrush. It is important that the fabricated apatite films by the spray process have the characteristic network structures. The materials with these CA films are nontoxic and have the excellent bonding ability to bone tissues.
Part of the book: Methods for Film Synthesis and Coating Procedures