This chapter presents technological innovations that support asset integrity management—a crucial activity for optimising plant efficiency. In ageing thermal and geothermal power plants, critical assets such as steam piping are subject to high pressures and temperatures that accelerate damage mechanisms. Traditionally, the critical locations of these assets undergo routine inspection which is both costly and time consuming and affects the plant reliability and energy availability. There is an increasing trend in the application of non-destructive testing (NDT) and information technologies to in-service monitoring of these assets. The aim of this chapter is to provide a comprehensive overview of the state-of-the-art monitoring technologies for steamlines, with a focus on high temperature ultrasonic guided wave techniques. The enabling technologies, which include high temperature sensors, diagnostic data analysis algorithms and their monitoring performances, are reviewed. These technological advancements enable inspection without interruption of plant operations, and provide diagnosis and prognosis data for condition-based maintenance, increasing plant safety and its operational efficiency.
Part of the book: Power Plants in the Industry