The objective of the study is to determine the prevalence of a plan, its impact on quality of life, dependence and functional limitation in a random population of 40 years and over. Cross-sectional study in a random population sample in Cambre (A Coruña-Spain) (n = 835) (α = 0.05; precision = ±3.4%). Anthropometric variables are studied, comorbidity (Charlson Score), foot functionality (FFI questionnaire), foot health questionnaire (FHSQ), quality of life (SF-36) and dependence on activities of daily living (Barthel index and Lawton). A logistic and linear multiple regression analysis was performed. The prevalence of flat feet was 26.62%. Patients with flat feet presented higher: age (65.73 ± 11.04 years), comorbidity index (0.92 ± 1.49), BMI (31.45 ± 5.55) and foot size (25, 16 ± 1.66 cm). Having flat feet decreases the quality of life and function of the foot. The association of flat feet with age, Charlson index, and BMI and foot size was found. The SF-36, Barthel and Lawton questionnaires remained unchanged due to the presence of the flat foot, a difference between the FHSQ and FFI that were significantly sensitive.
Part of the book: Update in Management of Foot and Ankle Disorders
To determine the effectiveness and satisfaction with orthopodologic treatments in users of the University Clinic of podiatry at the University of A Coruña, according to various parameters. After approval from the ethics committee of the University of A Coruña, an observational retrospective study (n = 125). We analyzed the effectiveness and satisfaction with the orthopodologic treatments depending on the reason for consultation, diagnosis, treatment and goals of treatment. We performed a descriptive analysis of all variables collected. The most frequent reason for consultation was for pain of the hindfoot (58.2%).The most frequent diagnosis was plantar fasciitis, followed by metatarsalgia (29.7% vs. 18.6%). The orthotic treatment corrective was the most used (68.5%) with pronation control (52.3%). The majority of patients reported improvement in pain, and a high degree of satisfaction with the treatment used. The profile of the patient who consults the Podiatry clinic for a orthopodologic treatment is that of a man over the age of 50, who consulted for pain of the hindfoot. The most frequent diagnosis is plantar fasciitis and the treatment carried out the corrective for pronation control. The majority of patients used the brace between 4 and 8 hours a day, with a high satisfaction with the treatment and improvement in the evolution of the pain. The degree of satisfaction was significantly associated with age, younger patients more satisfied. The improvement of pain was significantly associated with age, younger patients who show improvement.
Part of the book: Prosthetics and Orthotics