The electric machines have been applied to the industrial and commercial areas for several decades. The high performance of control and fast dynamic response of electric machines can be achieved via motor drive because of high development of semiconductors such as the microcontroller and power transistors. Brushless DC motor (BLDC) and permanent magnet AC synchronous motors drives have many advantages such as high efficiency, small size, less rotor losses, and fast torque response over the induction motor drives. Therefore, this chapter will focus on the design and implementation of a motor drive as well as its realization of control algorithm. At the beginning of chapter, the fundamental of energy conversion for electric machines is introduced. The dynamic model for brushless dc motor is derived and explained in detail in section two. The 120° conduction and 180° conduction of switching device for an inverter are also described and illustrated. The control design of a speed-controlled motor drive is described in section three. The hardware and software design of a motor drive based on a microcontroller is given in section four. The experimental results are also presented and discussed. Finally, a conclusion is made in section five.
Part of the book: Electric Machines for Smart Grids Applications