In this chapter, the method of combining the theory of random field and numerical analysis was used to systematically analyze the settlement probability of the soft soil foundation in the south of China, considering the effect of spatial variability of soil parameters. Based on the midpoint discretization and Cholesky decomposition, the cross-correlated non-Gaussian random field of cohesion and internal friction angle was constructed, which had considered the cross-correlation, and a single parameter random field of modulus was also constructed. The Monte-Carlo stochastic finite element program for two-dimensional foundation probabilistic settlement was developed in APDL language. The influence of spatial variability of soil parameters on probability foundation settlement was studied. The results indicate that the foundation settlement increases with the increase of coefficient variation and correlation distance. Modulus is the most important parameter for foundation settlement. The settlement of foundation is more sensitive to the correlation distance in vertical direction. Based on exponential square autocorrelation function, the continuity of random fields is obviously better, and the foundation settlement is larger. On the contrary, the fluctuation of random fields is larger, and the foundation settlement is smaller with single exponential autocorrelation function.
Part of the book: Granularity in Materials Science