Nowadays, various sensors are embedded in smartphone, making it a great candidate for localization applications. In this chapter, we explored and listed the localization sensors in smartphone, their characteristics, platforms, coordinate system and how they can be used in BAN. These sensors can be roughly divided into three types: physical IMU sensors (accelerometer, gyroscope and magnetometer), virtual IMU (gravity, step counter and electronic compass) and the environmental sensors (barometer, proximity and other miscellaneous). By applying different mathematical methods, the location of the target or the users can be calculated and used for further use, such as navigation, healthcare or military purpose.
Part of the book: Medical Internet of Things (m-IoT)