Recent advances in experiments and models of thermo-induced shape memory polymers (TSMPs) were reviewed. Some important visco-elastic and visco-plastic features, such as rate-dependent and temperature-dependent stress-strain curves and nonuniform temperature distribution were experimentally investigated, and the interaction between the mechanical deformation and the internal heat generation was discussed. The influences of loading rate and peak strain on the shape memory effect (SME) and shape memory degeneration of TSMPs were revealed under monotonic and cyclic thermo-mechanical loadings, respectively. Based on experimental observations, the capability of recent developed visco-elastic and visco-plastic models for predicting the SME was evaluated, and the thermo-mechanically coupled models were used to reasonably predict the thermo-mechanical responses of TSMPs.
Part of the book: Shape-Memory Materials