This chapter presents the support method for group decision making. A group decision is when a group of people has to make one joint decision. Each member of the group has his own assessment of a joint decision. The decision making of a group decision is modeled as a multicriteria optimization problem where the respective evaluation functions are the assessment of a joint decision by each member. The interactive analysis that is based on the reference point method applied to the multicriteria problems allows to find effective solutions matching the group’s preferences. Each member of the group is able to verify results of every decision. The chapter presents an example of an application of the support method in the selection of the group decision.
Part of the book: Optimization Algorithms
The chapter presents an extension of a previous method for decision support under risk. The decision-making process is modeled by a multi-criteria optimization problem, in which the individual evaluation functions represent the results of decisions in several possible scenarios with associated risks. The decision support method is an interactive decision-making process. The choice is made by solving the problem depending on the control parameters that define the aspirations of the decision maker as well as on an evaluation of the obtained solutions. The decision maker selects a set of parameters representing various risks’ impacts that influences a solution, and then he/she evaluates the obtained solution by accepting or rejecting it. In another case, the decision maker selects a new value and the problem is solved again for the new parameter. In this chapter, an example of supporting decision-making under risk is presented.
Part of the book: Systems of Systems - Engineering, Modeling, Simulation and Analysis