Management of transient ischemic attack (TIA) is important because potentially fatal ischemic strokes can be prevented. Detection of extracranial carotid atherosclerosis in these patients is beneficial because medical therapy can be given, and in certain cases, surgery can be performed. In a Chinese study conducted on the patients with TIA, only 19% of them had extracranial carotid atherosclerosis. Another study was conducted to compare the location and the severity of atherosclerotic lesions between Americans and the Japanese who presented with carotid system TIA. This study showed that 85% of the American patients had extracranial carotid stenosis (stenosis ≥50%). However, only 16.7% of the Japanese patients had similar lesions.
Part of the book: Peripheral Arterial Disease