The nanoporosity in zeolite ZSM-5 was analyzed as a function of SiO2/Al2O3 molar ratio (MR). The internal pore structure was studied by high-resolution adsorption. Surface areas, microporous volume, characteristic energy of sorption, and pore-size distributions were calculated from N2 sorption isotherms by the BET, Langmuir, t-method of de Boer, αS-plot of Sing, direct comparative plots of Lee, Newnham, Dubinin-Astakhov, differential adsorption curves, and nonlocal density functional theory methods. The results indicated that MR dependence in these zeolites caused structural defects through micropore opening and widening as well as the emergence of further slit-like mesopores.
Part of the book: Zeolites and Their Applications