Microstructure evolution within the shear localization areas in a commercial titanium plate subjected to cold rolling was systematically investigated. A shear band with a width of approximately 25 μm was formed. The microstructure inside the shear band was mainly equiaxed nanograins with an average size of 70 nm. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) observations revealed that the grain refinement inside the shear band was completely via a shear deformation-induced splitting and breakdown twin lamella process, instead of a nucleation and growth of new grains. The shear localization starts with the formation and multiplication of mechanical twins, which leads to the development of a twin/matrix lamellar structure aligned along the shear direction. The twin/matrix lamellae subsequently undergo gradual splitting and transverse breakdown, giving rise to fine elongated subgrains. The continuing lath breakdown, in combination with grain lateral sliding and lattice rotations, ultimately leads to the formation of a mix of roughly equiaxed, nanosized (sub)grains within the center of macroscopic shear band at large strains.
Part of the book: Nanocrystals and Nanostructures