Electrospun polymeric nanofibers with flexible three-dimensional porous structures and high surface-to-volume ratio are potential resources for several novel applications in the fields of micro- and nanoscale filtration, water desalination, drug delivery, life sciences, catalysis, and energy harvesters. Functionalized polymeric fibers with enhanced molecular orientation, surface textural morphologies, and piezo-, pyro-, and ferroelectric properties are of technical and commercial interest around the world. Several emerging technologies including electrical polarization, vacuum plasma treatment, corona discharge, surface fluorination, and chemical treatments to functionalize the polyvinylidene fluoride nanofibers are discussed as potential applications of electroactive materials.
Part of the book: Electrospinning Method Used to Create Functional Nanocomposites Films
Electrospun fibers are of interest in a number of applications due to their small size, simplicity of fabrication, and ease of modification of properties. Piezoelectric polymers such as Polyvinylidene Fluoride (PVDF) can be charged when formed in the electrospinning process. This chapter discusses fabrication of PVDF fiber mats and fiber yarns and the measurement of their charge using a custom-made Faraday bucket. The results show the measured charge per mass of fiber mats was greater than the values measured for the yarns of the same mass. The measured charges may be related to both mass and external surface areas of the mats and yarn samples. It was observed the area/mass ratios of the fiber yarns were more than 30% less than the fiber mats.
Part of the book: Nanofibers