Nanofibers, the widely applied in various field of science research, is one of the important area in nanotechnology research. Nanofibers can be classified into polymeric, ceramic and composite nanofibers depending upon the material used. A variety of nanofibers are applied in field of energy storage, biotechnology and healthcare industry, environmental engineering, as well as security and defense. The wide uses of nanofibers are mainly due to low density, high porosity, tight pore size and large surface area per unit mass. Synthesis of nanofibers depends upon various parameters of solution like molecular weight of polymer, concentration, electrical conductivity, surface tension and viscosity. The process parameters affecting nanofibers synthesis are distance between needle tip and collector, feeding rate of polymer material and electric field.
Part of the book: Nanofibers